The Long Surname DNA Project                   

Including Longe, Lang and Other Variations

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Early Long Families

Long Family Progenitors

(this page under construction)

A discussion of Pre-Revolution Longs that are the progenitors (patriarchs) of living Longs that are participants of the Long Surname DNA Project and that have a documented paper trail to their progenitor. 

David Long of Queen Anne's County, Maryland
Ware Long of Culpeper County, Virginia
Samuel Long of Somerset County, Maryland
Zachariah Long of Litchfield, Connecticut and Prescott County, Ontario, Canada
Edward Long of Pennsylvania and later of Pittsylvania Co, Virginia
William Long of Rutherford County, Virginia
Brumfield Long, Sr. of Virginia
William Long of Grayson County, Virginia
Joseph Long (b. July 23, 1770) of Wythe County, Virginia

David Long of Maryland (d. 1697 Queen Anne's County)

David Long of Queen Anne's County Maryland is the progenitor of numerous living Longs.  Most of what is known about David Long and his early descendants  is provided in these documents:  The Descendants of John Long, Sr. of Maryland (1685-1746) by Leroy Eastes, and "LONG - John, David, John, John Jr, James, James Jr" by Cecil Gene Long, and  Long Families of Colonial Maryland by the late James M. Overhuls.   This David Long is believed to have been either English or Scots-Irish.  He was issued a warrant for land in Maryland in 1677 and is believed to be the son of a John Long that arrived in Virginia in 1635. 

The Y-DNA haplotype of this David Long (b. ca.1640-5, d. June 23, 1697) has been reliably established through Long Surname Project DNA testing of descendants having a paper trail to two of his grandsons. One grandson is the David Long who married Ann Lockwood. The other grandson is John Long who married Ann Herrington. The David Long/Ann Lockwood family settled in the Cypress Swamp area of what is now southern Sussex County, Delaware on land David patented in 1749 in what was then Worcester County, Maryland . The John Long/Ann Herrington family emigrated to what is now Greene County, Pennsylvania with subsequent family migrations to Indiana and Ohio.

Projects participants that share the Y-DNA haplotype of David Long of Queen Anne's County Maryland include those of Long Project Subgroup A.  These participants include #'s  2, 5, 8, 9, 19, 30, 52, 159, 198, 221, 277 and 288 on the Participants Page.  

These matchees are in Y-DNA haplogroup I-P37 or I-L161

The Long Surname DNA Project contact person for queries related to this Long is William O. (Bill) Long

Ware Long of Culpeper County, Virginia

Ware Long of Culpeper County, Virginia was initially believed to have been born in 1691 and died in 1803 making him 112 years old when he died. This story was related to John T. Long by his grandfather Joel Long in 1868 and submitted to Chicago Libraries in 1908. Subsequent research reveals that Ware Long was most likely born around 1720, the son of John Long born 1700 and Ann Ware, daughter of Nicholas Ware.
John Long, father of Ware, was said to be the eldest son of Richard and Ann Long. Richard was the son of Jeremiah (b.1631) & Francis Long. These early Longs settled along the Rappahannock River in the 1600’s, moving westward to Culpeper County and beyond.
There are several documents that give us more information about Ware Long and his Early Virginia Long Family: The Genealogy of the Descendants of Ware Long of Culpeper, by John Turner Long,  Long Families Along the Rappahannock River Before 1800, by Paul C. Buchanan, Ph. D., A Granddaughter’s Journey Back---to Christopher Long, by Carol Lynn Rusch, and The Long Journey West, The Long Family of Old Rappahannock, Virginia, by Janice Brannon, among others.

The Y-DNA haplotype of this Ware Long has been established through Long Surname Project DNA testing of descendants of Ware Long.

This group"s Y-DNA haplogroup is:  R-P311.

Projects participants that share the Y-DNA haplotype of Ware Long of Culpepper County, Virginia include those of Long Project Subgroup L.  These participants include # 7, 21, 46, 99, 107, 114, 149, 184, 281, 263, 323, 343, 372, 380, 389, 390, 413, 428, and 430 on the Participants Page.

The Long Surname DNA Project contact person for queries related to Ware Long of Culpeper County, Virginia is Christine Thiessen

Samuel Long of Somerset County, Maryland

This branch of the Long Family probably came to America in 1623 on the ship Providence. William Long(e) (age 19 at the time) was part of Mr. Danniell Gookines muster along with Henrie Carsley (age 23).  They apparently were indentured servants1.   Samuel was probably a son or grandson that moved to Maryland in 1666 (meaning he was likely born much before 1645) to a place called Morumsco, Somerset County.  I have not been able to take William Long(e) back any further.  Typically, a voyage from England to Virginia would go through the Barbados as part of the trading route involving cotton, sugar and rum.
In the accompanying List of Participants, FamilyTree DNA kits’s 37, 71, and 73 are linked via DNA results.  Number’s 37 and 71 are exact matches at 67 markers.  This Long DNA group is shown as Subgroup B of the Results Page.   It should be noted that in a 2014 study2 traced the Haplogroup (I-253) up from Africa through the Balkans up to what is now Sweden and over to England around Yorkshire where there was/is a high concentration of Viking ancestry.
As contact person for Long Subgroup B, I (Ray Long ) have merged the Long and Dryden Families of Somerset County, Maryland into a single “family tree” because of the close family ties through out the Long’s long history in Maryland.  This tree is available upon request.
1 Basically an indentured servant paid their way to America by becoming an unpaid servant for 7 years. 
2 The Long Family of Maryland, compiled by Matthew M. Wise and Edited by Pauline Batchelder, sponsored by the Waitt Family Foundation, National Geographic and IBM


Zachariah Long
of Litchfield, Connecticut and Prescott County, Ontario, Canada

Zachariah Long (1749-1829) first appeared in the Litchfield, CT records in 1774 when he and his wife, Susanna, were granted land by her father, Elisha Borden.  Zachariah served in the militia in Litchfield in 1775, removed to Rutland County, Vermont about 1783, to Plattsburgh, New York in 1793, and finally to Longueil, Prescott County, Ontario in 1796, where he died in 1829.  He and Susanna were the parents of five sons (Alexander, Edmond, Borden, Dennis, and William) and three daughters (Mary, Sarah, Almy), most of whom settled in Canada; some of their descendants migrated to Western Canada and others to Michigan, New York, Illinois, etc.
Records of Zachariah’s origins have not yet been documented, although DNA evidence links him to the descendants of Joseph Long of Dorchester, Massachusetts and, his son, Thomas Long (1644-1711) of East Windsor, Connecticut. Research on this line has been documented by Mary (Wood) Bates [Long Family of Dorchester and Conn., by Mary (Wood) Bates, 1931].
Participants #’s 14, 41, 119, and 130 fall in Long Project Subgroup E on the Long DNA study. The Long Surname DNA Project contact person for Zachariah Long is Harry Long.


Edward Long of Pennsylvania and later Pittsylvania County, VA

Edward Long of Pennsylvania and later Pittsylvania County, VA, was born in the colony of Pennsylvania about 1737 to Thomas and Martha Thatcher Long.  He married Jane S. Jones, a woman of Welsh descent, on 17 Jan 1762 in Augusta County, Virginia where they began their family.  They relocated to Loudoun County, VA about 1767 where the rest of their first eight children were born. They lived in Loudoun County until about 1776 when they moved back to Pennsylvania where their son, Isaac, was born.  During the Revolutionary War, Edward served as a private in Capt Chrystie's Co, 3rd PA Regiment under Col. Craig. About the time of going into quarters at Valley Forge, Edward was wounded in the head, from the effects of which he never fully recovered. After the war Edward and Jane moved to Pittsylvania County, Virginia on the forks of Strawberry Creek where the remainder of their children were born.  They were the parents of twelve children: Thomas c. 1762- (married Rachel Cox); Rachel c. 1764 (married John Gregg); William c. 1765 (married Rachel Pruitt); James 1767-1828 (married Priscilla Lasswell); Nancy 1768-1839 (married William C. Maples); Hannah c. 1770- (married Reuben Herndon); George 1771-1849 (married Elizabeth Maples); Moses c. 1772- (married Elizabeth); Isaac 1777-1856 (married Nancy Bolton); Jane c. 1781- (married William Hammack, Jonathan Carrier); Edward 1785-1849 (married Mildred Bolton); Elizabeth C. 1786- (married William Herndon); and John E Long 1755-1828 (married Delilah Elliott) a documented child of Edward apparently by a previous marriage. Edward died about 18 Aug 1806. His will is recorded in Pittsylvania County and was proved 20 Aug 1806. Jane died in the same county in Nov. 1821. Y-DNA testing has linked descendants of Edward and Jane through their sons, George, Moses, William and Edward and autosomal (Family Finder and Ancestry) results have linked descendants of their sons George, Thomas, Moses, Edward and Isaac and daughters Nancy and Elizabeth.

The Long Surname DNA Project contact person for the Edward Long Family Progenitor is Ron Long of Long Project Sub Group O.

See also: Edward "Uncle Neddy" Long

William Long of Rutherford County, North Carolina

Birth: About 1741, Scotland or Ireland,  Death: 1830, Rutherford County, North Carolina

Buried: Britain Presbyterian Church, Rutherford County, North Carolina  [Find A Grave Memorial # 79501873]

William Long was a Scotchman, and shortly after his marriage to Sarah C. (Unknown) (1742-1827), emigrated to America, his first born being presented to him on the voyage across to the new world. He settled in Pennsylvania, and afterward, with many sturdy Scotch Presbyterians moved to North Carolina. If these censuses are accurate, William Long moved to North Carolina from Pennsylvania between 1766 and 1769. A Tax list of Rowan County, NC, from the late 1760's lists a William Long. Because John Smart and William Smart who moved to Rutherford County were listed as well, it is believed that this is the same William Long who settled on Cane Creek.

In October 1780 William Long was involved locally in the Revolution according to his grandson Andrew Baxter Long (1808-1901) and recorded in a letter from W. L. Twitty to Lyman Draper dated 19 October 1780 (Draper Manuscript Collection, State Historical Society of Wisconsin): "....Mr. A. B. Long who had this revolutionary incident from his father John S. Long born 1766 (this date was taken from his gravestone) 14 years old in 1780 himself the son of William Long who was in the infantry which marched to Kings Mountain under a forced march reaching the battle ground only a short time after the fight closed..." Andrew B Long himself wrote Draper on 4 Sept. 1880: " I had an Uncle killed by a Tory who was one of his neighbors". Long also noted that "this Cane Creek was a mere Wilderness at that time the Bottom lands was just covered with cane higher than a man's head".

On 19 Feb 1796 William Long made a deed for five acres of his land on Cane Creek, "including the Graveyard" to the trustees of the Congregation of Little Britain, "for the use of a meeting house and graveyard". This is the present site of Britain Presbyterian Church.

William Long Sr, did not leave a will in Rutherford County and not all of his children are known. The 1790 Rutherford Census shows his household with four males over 16 and three females. Two of the males were certainly his sons John Long (1766-1843) and William Long, Jr. (1769-1853).

This information was given by William's grandson Andrew B. Long in 1898.

Long Surname Projects participants that share the Y-DNA haplotype of William Long of Rutherford County, North Carolina include those of Long Project Subgroup P.  These participants include #'s 20, 38, 59, 102, 182, 183, 199, 205, 225, 248, 250, and 271 on the Participants Page.

Y-DNA haplogroup: R1b1a2a1a1b4 or R-L21

Positive SNPs: DF21+ Z246+ DF25+ and DF5+

Long Surname DNA Project Subgroup P members are encouraged to join both the R-L21 DNA project and the R-DF21 DNA projects.

The Long Surname DNA Project contact person for queries related to Group P is Brian Porter.



Brumfield Long, Sr. of Virginia
(b. ca. 1686 Old Rappahannock Co., VA)

Although born in Old Rappahannock Co., VA, Brumfield’s (various spellings) birthplace later became King George Co., VA.  Born the son of Henry Long,, his first marriage to Elizabeth Reynolds appears to have produced seven sons, some
 of whom are known to be progenitors of several participants of this Subgroup C who share the Y-DNA Haplogroup R-M269.

Brumfield married Elizabeth about 1713. The first of their sons, Reuben, was born ca. 1716, followed by William, b. ca. 1716; Brumfield, Jr. b. ca. 1721; John, b. ca. 1726; Benjamin, b. ca. 1728; Henry, b. ca. 1732 and the last, Owen, was born ca. 1732.  The couple was living in Essex Co. in 1734 and this appears to be the last record for Elizabeth who possibly died ca. 1735.   Four daughters were born to Brumfield and his next wife, Mary; the first was born ca. 1736

Brumfield and Mary lived out their lives in Spotsylvania Co. where he made out his will in March of 1762, although the year of his exact death is uncertain, possibly by 1763.

This group, Long Project Subgroup C, is comprised of twenty-six participants with the surname of Long. They are numbers 11, 15, 22, 31, 68, 88, 103, 106, 141, 163, 179, 243, 245, 313, 314, 320, 321, 345, 427, 537, 555, 560, 566, 568, 571 and 560 on the Participants Page. Several (over 10) of these participants have traced their ancestry directly to Brumfield, Sr. through one of his seven sons.

For a colorized version of our group's y-DNA test results, go to:

The Long Surname DNA Project contact person for Brumfield Long of Old Rappahannock Co., VA is #22, John J. Long.


William Long of Grayson County, VA

William Long (1778-1861) died and is buried on his farm located in what is now Long’s Gap, Grayson County, Virginia, just outside Independence Virginia.  His home still stands and is open once a year by the current owner for family members to tour.  Wiliam’s wife Catherine was referred to in his Last Will and Testament as “beloved wife Caty”.  We do not know who Caty’s parents were or where she was born.  She died November 15, 1928.  William and Caty had the following children: Margaret (1779-1840), George (1781-1843), Mary Polly (1782-1864), Catherine (1785-?), Henry (1787-1871), Samuel (1790-1848), Elizabeth (1791-1878), Benjamin (1794-1871), John (1796-1871) and Lewis Long (1798-1870).

Based on Y-DNA results, William is a possible common ancestor of the men whose YDNA results are grouped in Long Surname DNA Project Project Subgroup H, Haplogroup I-M253.   Group H includes the participants listed as 10, 58, 104, 148, 242, 268, 270, 274, 298, and 327 on the page at  

The Long Surname DNA Project contact person for William Long of Grayson, County, VA is Janie Long Manning a descendant of William Long.  Janie and her sisters Nancy Long Dahir, Shirley Long Stone and brother Eldon Anthony Long (Tony) have been researching the origins of their Long Family for nearly 20 years.



Joseph Long (b. July 23, 1770) of Wythe County, Virginia

(under contruction)

Descendants of Joseph Long and wife Catherine Foster are in Long Surname DNA Project Subgroup P.

Porter Click has done a lot of work on Long Surname DNA project Group P, below is a copy of a paper that he has posted on

In a message dated 2/2/2015 11:13:20 A.M. Eastern Standard Time, writes:

My page is here

(By the way, I have some really good info on the line of John Long 1777-1837 and wife Susannah McCulloch but, again, I am about out of time. Maybe next winter.)


Update as of 1 Feb, 2015 This story is subject to change, if you copy you must understand that it may have errors.

I am connecting five lines of Longs here without any documentary proof. Just facts that are interwoven.

Numerous family histories exist that say three brothers came to Philadelphia from Ireland (meaning Scots living in Northern Ireland.) this history is likely true but maybe mis-applied. There are likely 5 ORIGINAL brothers but also there are 3 brothers of one of the 5 originals who arrived together in 1740. This is told by Rev HM Wilson who wrote about the Tinkling Spring Congregation in about 1920. I believe the 5 ORIGINAL brothers all came from Ireland about the same time, 1735 to 1740. These Longs came with money to buy land, used the same set of names for children, have common in-laws and taxes and deed records adjoin Also, their wills identify them. I describe them as (x-line) below.

Joseph Long, 1695-1757, wife Anne Crockett - this line has sons Samuel, Henry, John, Joseph; daughters Catherine, Mary and Jane as explained in Joseph's Will. Other names of grandchildren are William, James and Anne to add to the name set which agrees with the other lines. (This is my line and the line of several kindred Longs) It includes about half of the members of Group P in the Long DNA Project. This J-line probably was in Chester Co, PA briefly before moving to the Short Mountain area of the Borden Tract in Augusta Co, VA. The probate of Joseph's will is signed by William Long who is explained below. If you follow Joseph and his sons in my Ancestry Tree you will see how several participants in the Long DNA Project tie together thru sons Henry and John. There is also a son James but I do not have a reason to connect James to anyone in Group P nor any other DNA groups, so no known modern descendants proceed from him. Joseph's grandson, Joseph who moved to Wythe and maybe Russel Co, VA is very well defined in the Long Bible. This J-line is somewhat defined in Lyman Chalkley's Chronicles of the Scotch Irish in Augusta Co, VA but also in Wythe and Russell Co, VA tax records.

Francis Long, Yeoman est 1703 Ireland - 1749 Chester Co, PA, wife Rebecca Brown - this line has children John, William and Agnes. In 1750 Francis's will gave William Long, Sr of Augusta Co, VA 400 acres of the 800 acres of Long Meadow in Stauton, Augusta Co, VA. This is a large land tract and suggests to me that Francis came first in about 1735 and bought the land but also bought land in Chester Co, PA. The remaining 400 acres in Augusta Co, VA was distributed to Francis's sons John and William in 1760 by close Long Family friend James Alexander (son-in-law of John Long in the Jo-line below) when they became of age. Francis is defined by scant tax, deed and will records of Chester Co, PA and Pennsylvania State Historical Archives.

William Long 1 est 1705 Ireland- 1780 Augusta Co, VA, and wife Elizabeth - this line has children named Alexander, John, William, Francis, Joseph, David, Elizabeth, Samuel, Dorcas and James. This line is described very well in Lyman Chalkley's Chronicles of the Scotch Irish in Augusta Co, VA as the "William that imported himself in Orange County Va in 1740" naming wife and 3 sons (these are probably the 3 sons of family history by Wilson.) There are 3 distinct Willliams in Chalkley and it is easy to get them confused so I name them 1- father, 2- son and 3- grandson. William 1 is the only William Long old enough to be William Long, Sr to inherit land from Francis and to witness the Will of Joseph (J-line) in 1757. I cannot tie William Long 1 to anyone in the entire Long DNA Project, Group P or otherwise. I keep waiting to see if a match someday shows up either In or Out of Group P. JB Yount wrote a letter in 1982 describing this as his family but 1982 was before DNA projects and Yount was not a male Long. If anyone has an idea of a living male descendant Long it would clarify this 5 brother idea very well. PLEASE CONTACT ME.

John Long - est 1700 Ireland - 1778 Chester Co, PA, wife ?. John bought a large land tract in Chester Co about 1735 according to tax records. His Will left all to his son William, daughters Jennet, Elizabeth (wife of James Alexander) and Martha. I believe another son Joseph died in 1777 close by John's land. (Working to add more records which I have. Very tedious to be sure they fit correctly.)

James Long - est 1710 Ireland - 1764 Chester Co, PA, wife Martha (still working to add more records) They have the same children's names : Joseph, Samuel, Martha and Mary. (Working to add more records which I have. Very tedious to be sure they fit correctly.) I do not believe this line ever left Chester Co, PA, was a small family, and no modern (ja-line) Long male will ever show up for DNA testing.


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